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Blocking Rates in Large CDMA Networks via a Spatial Erlang Formula

François Baccelli 1 Bartlomiej Blaszczyszyn 1 Mohamed Kadhem Karray
1 TREC - Theory of networks and communications
DI-ENS - Département d'informatique de l'École normale supérieure, Inria Paris-Rocquencourt
Abstract : This paper builds upon the scalable admission control schemes for CDMA networks developed in 2005}. These schemes are based on an exact representation of the geometry of both the downlink and the uplink channels and ensure that the associated power allocation problems have solutions under constraints on the maximal power of each station/user. These schemes are decentralized in that they can be implemented in such a way that each base station only has to consider the load brought by its own users to decide on admission. By load we mean here some function of the configuration of the users and of their bit rates that is described in the paper. When implemented in each base station, such schemes ensure the global feasibility of the power allocation even in a very large (infinite number of cells) network. The estimation of the capacity of large CDMA networks controlled by such schemes was made in these references. In certain cases, for example for a Poisson pattern of mobiles in an hexagonal network of base stations, this approach gives explicit formulas for the infeasibility probability, defined as the fraction of cells where the population of users cannot be entirely admitted by the base station. In the present paper we show that the notion of infeasibility probability is closely related to the notion of blocking probability, defined as the fraction of users that are rejected by the admission control policy in the long run, a notion of central practical importance within this setting. The relation between these two notions is not bound to our particular admission control schemes, but is of more general nature, and in a simplified scenario it can be identified with the well-known Erlang loss formula. We prove this relation using a general spatial birth-and-death process, where customer locations are represented by a spatial point process that evolves over time as users arrive or depart. This allows our model to include the exact representation of the geometry of inter-cell and intra-cell interferences, which play an essential role in the load indicators used in these cellular network admission control schemes.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 19, 2006 - 8:39:02 PM
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François Baccelli, Bartlomiej Blaszczyszyn, Mohamed Kadhem Karray. Blocking Rates in Large CDMA Networks via a Spatial Erlang Formula. [Research Report] RR-5517, INRIA. 2005, pp.19. ⟨inria-00070489⟩

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