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The plant pathogenic fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici improves bacterial growth and triggers early gene regulations in the biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf29Arp

Abstract : In soil, some antagonistic rhizobacteria contribute to reduce root diseases caused by phytopathogenic fungi. Direct modes of action of these bacteria have been largely explored. However, commensal interaction also takes place between these microorganisms and little is known about the influence of filamentous fungi on bacteria. An in vitro confrontation bioassay between the pathogenic fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici (Ggt) and the biocontrol bacterial strain Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf29Arp was set up to analyse bacterial transcriptional changes induced by the fungal mycelium at three times-points of the interaction before cell contact until contact. For this, a Pf29Arp shotgun microarray was constructed. Specifity of Ggt effect was assessed in comparison with the one of two other filamentous fungi, Laccaria bicolor and Magnaporthe grisea. During a commensal interaction, Ggt increased the growth rate of Pf29Arp. Before contact, Ggt induced bacterial genes involved in mycelium colonisation. At contact, genes encoding protein of stress response and a patatin-like protein were up-regulated. Among all the bacterial genes identified, xseB was specifically up-regulated at contact by Ggt but down regulated by the other fungi. Data showed that the bacterium early sensed the fungus presence but main gene alteration occurred during bacterial-fungal cell contact.
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https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00359115
Contributor : Olivier Collin <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 5, 2009 - 4:49:22 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 10, 2020 - 4:03:46 PM

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Matthieu Barret, P. Frey-Klett, M. Boutin, A.-Y. Guillerm-Erckelboudt, Frédérique Martin, et al.. The plant pathogenic fungus Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici improves bacterial growth and triggers early gene regulations in the biocontrol strain Pseudomonas fluorescens Pf29Arp. New Phytologist, Wiley, 2009, 181 (2), pp.435-447. ⟨10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02675.x⟩. ⟨inria-00359115⟩

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