Adaptive Probabilistic NAV to Increase Fairness in Ad Hoc 802.11 MAC Layer

Claude Chaudet 1 Guillaume Chelius 2 Herve Meunier 3 David Simplot-Ryl 3
2 ARES - Architectures of networks of services
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, CITI - CITI Centre of Innovation in Telecommunications and Integration of services
3 POPS - System and Networking for Portable Objects Proved to be Safe
LIFL - Laboratoire d'Informatique Fondamentale de Lille, Inria Lille - Nord Europe, IRCICA
Abstract : The IEEE 802.11 MAC layer is known for its low performance in wireless ad hoc networks. For instance, it has been shown in the literature that two independent emitter nodes can easily monopolize the medium, preventing other nodes to send packets. The protocol we introduce in this article is a simple variation of the original IEEE 802.11 MAC layer which significantly increases the fairness while maintaining a high effective bandwidth. Its principle consists in avoiding systematic successive transmissions by the same emitter through the probabilistic introduction of a waiting time, a virtual NAV, after each emission. The probability to trigger such a NAV is adaptively computed depending on the perceived utility of the preceding virtual NAV. This protocol, called PNAV (Probabilistic NAV), is shown to be efficient by simulations.
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Contributor : Guillaume Chelius <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 19, 2009 - 2:09:39 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 21, 2019 - 10:52:49 AM


  • HAL Id : inria-00397043, version 1


Claude Chaudet, Guillaume Chelius, Herve Meunier, David Simplot-Ryl. Adaptive Probabilistic NAV to Increase Fairness in Ad Hoc 802.11 MAC Layer. Ad Hoc & Sensor Wireless Networks, PKP Publishing ServicesNetwork 2006, 2 (2). ⟨inria-00397043⟩



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