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HeDGE: Hybrid Dataflow Graph Execution in the Issue Logic

Abstract : Exposing more instruction-level parallelism in out-of-order superscalar processors requires increasing the number of dynamic in-flight instructions. However, large instruction windows increase power consumption and latency in the issue logic. We propose a design called Hybrid Dataflow Graph Execution (HeDGE) for conventional Instruction Set Architectures (ISAs). HeDGE explicitly maintains dependences between instructions in the issue window by modifying the issue, register renaming, and wakeup logic. The HeDGE wakeup logic notifies only consumer instructions when data values arrive. Explicit consumer encoding naturally leads to the use of Random Access Memory (RAM) instead of Content Addressable Memory (CAM) needed for broadcast. HeDGE is distinguished from prior approaches in part because it dynamically inserts forwarding instructions. Although these additional instructions degrade performance by an average of 3 to 17% for SPEC C and Fortran benchmarks and 1.5% to 8% for DaCapo Java benchmarks, they enable energy efficient execution in large instruction windows. The HeDGE RAM-based instruction window consumes on average 98% less energy than a conventional CAM as modeled in CACTI for 70nm technology. In conventional designs, this structure contributes 7 to 20% to total energy consumption. HeDGE allows us to achieve power and energy gains by using RAMs in the issue logic while maintaining a conventional instruction set.
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https://hal.inria.fr/inria-00446333
Contributor : Ist Rennes <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 12, 2010 - 2:55:54 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 20, 2016 - 2:10:32 PM

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Suriya Subramanian, Kathryn S. Mckinley. HeDGE: Hybrid Dataflow Graph Execution in the Issue Logic. HiPEAC 2009 - High Performance and Embedded Architectures and Compilers, Jan 2009, Paphos, Cyprus. ⟨10.1007/978-3-540-92990-1_23⟩. ⟨inria-00446333⟩

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