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In vivo imaging of in situ motility of fresh and liquid stored ram spermatozoa in the ewe genital tract.

Abstract : The fertility of ram semen after cervical insemination is substantially reduced by 24 h of storage in liquid form. The effects of liquid storage on the transit of ram spermatozoa in the ewe genital tract was investigated using a new procedure allowing direct observation of the spermatozoa in the genital tract. Ejaculated ram spermatozoa were double labeled with R18 and MitoTracker Green FM, and used to inseminate ewes in estrus either cervically through the vagina or laparoscopically into the base of the uterine horns. Four hours after insemination, the spermatozoa were directly observed in situ using fibered confocal fluorescence microscopy in the base, middle and tip of the uterine horns, the utero-tubal junction (UTJ) and the oviduct. The high resolution video images obtained with this technique allowed determination of the distribution of spermatozoa and individual motility in the lumen of the ewe's genital tract. The results showed a gradient of increasing concentration of spermatozoa from the base of the uterus to the UTJ 4 h after intra-uterine insemination into the base of the horns. The UTJ was shown to be a storage region for spermatozoa before their transfer to the oviduct. The in vitro storage of spermatozoa in liquid form decreased their migration through the cervix and reduced the proportion of motile spermatozoa and their straight line velocity at the UTJ and their transit into the oviduct.
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Contributor : Frederique Clement Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, March 12, 2010 - 4:16:36 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 3:08:48 AM

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Xavier Druart, Juliette Cognie, Gérard Baril, Frédérique Clément, Jean-Louis Dacheux, et al.. In vivo imaging of in situ motility of fresh and liquid stored ram spermatozoa in the ewe genital tract.. Reproduction, BioScientifica, 2009, 138 (1), pp.45-53. ⟨10.1530/REP-09-0108⟩. ⟨inria-00463554⟩



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