Invariant pattern recognition using the RFM descriptor

Thai V. Hoang 1, * Salvatore Tabbone 1
* Auteur correspondant
1 QGAR - Querying Graphics through Analysis and Recognition
LORIA - Laboratoire Lorrain de Recherche en Informatique et ses Applications
Abstract : A pattern descriptor invariant to rotation, scaling, translation (RST), and robust to additive noise is proposed by using the Radon, Fourier, and Mellin transforms. The Radon transform converts the RST transformations applied on a pattern image into transformations in the radial and angular coordinates of the pattern's Radon image. These beneficial properties of the Radon transform make it an useful intermediate representation for the extraction of invariant features from pattern images for the purpose of indexing/matching. In this paper, invariance to RST is obtained by applying the 1D Fourier-Mellin and discrete Fourier transforms on the radial and angular coordinates of the pattern's Radon image respectively. The implementation of the proposed descriptor is reasonably fast and correct, based mainly on the fusion of the Radon and Fourier transforms and on a modification of the Mellin transform. Theoretical arguments validate the robustness of the proposed descriptor to additive noise and empirical evidence on both occlusion/deformation and noisy datasets shows its effectiveness.
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Pattern Recognition, Elsevier, 2012, 45 (1), pp.271-284. 〈10.1016/j.patcog.2011.06.020〉
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Thai V. Hoang, Salvatore Tabbone. Invariant pattern recognition using the RFM descriptor. Pattern Recognition, Elsevier, 2012, 45 (1), pp.271-284. 〈10.1016/j.patcog.2011.06.020〉. 〈inria-00614835〉

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