Conception et Optimisation de Mécanismes Cryptographiques Anonymes

Olivier Sanders 1, 2, 3, 4
2 CASCADE - Construction and Analysis of Systems for Confidentiality and Authenticity of Data and Entities
DI-ENS - Département d'informatique de l'École normale supérieure, Inria Paris-Rocquencourt, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR 8548
Résumé : New technologies offer greater convenience for end-users but usually at the cost of a loss in terms of privacy, which is often underestimated by the latter. For example, knowledge by a third party of the information related to a transaction is far from insignificant since it may reveal intimate details such as whereabouts, religious beliefs or health status. In this thesis, we are interested in cryptographic technics allowing to reconcile both security requirements and user’s privacy. In a first part, we will focus on two specific cases: anonymous payment and anonymous authentication. We propose new constructions, improving the efficiency of state-of-the-art solutions, which make all the features of these primitives more accessible for practical applications. We provide a detailed security analysis for each scheme, proving that they achieve the expected properties under reasonable assumptions. However, to fulfill the strong technical constraints of these use cases, it may be necessary to optimize these constructions which are usually rather complex. To this end, we propose in a second part, new solutions to improve the efficiency of most common operations and algorithms. Each of these contributions is not restricted to anonymous systems and thus may be of independent interest.
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Thèse
Informatique [cs]. Ecole Normale Supérieure, 2015. Français
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Olivier Sanders. Conception et Optimisation de Mécanismes Cryptographiques Anonymes. Informatique [cs]. Ecole Normale Supérieure, 2015. Français. 〈tel-01235213〉

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