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Learning to rank from medical imaging data

Fabian Pedregosa 1, 2 Alexandre Gramfort 3, 2 Gaël Varoquaux 2, 3 Elodie Cauvet 4 Christophe Pallier 4 Bertrand Thirion 2
1 SIERRA - Statistical Machine Learning and Parsimony
DI-ENS - Département d'informatique de l'École normale supérieure, ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris, Inria Paris-Rocquencourt, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR8548
2 PARIETAL - Modelling brain structure, function and variability based on high-field MRI data
Inria Saclay - Ile de France, NEUROSPIN - Service NEUROSPIN
Abstract : Medical images can be used to predict a clinical score coding for the severity of a disease, a pain level or the complexity of a cognitive task. In all these cases, the predicted variable has a natural order. While a standard classifier discards this information, we would like to take it into account in order to improve prediction performance. A standard linear regression does model such information, however the linearity assumption is likely not be satisfied when predicting from pixel intensities in an image. In this paper we address these modeling challenges with a supervised learning procedure where the model aims to order or rank images. We use a linear model for its robustness in high dimension and its possible interpretation. We show on simulations and two fMRI datasets that this approach is able to predict the correct ordering on pairs of images, yielding higher prediction accuracy than standard regression and multiclass classification techniques.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-00717990
Contributor : Fabian Pedregosa <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 16, 2012 - 9:55:04 AM
Last modification on : Monday, February 10, 2020 - 6:13:43 PM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Thursday, December 15, 2016 - 11:20:17 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00717990, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1207.3598

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Fabian Pedregosa, Alexandre Gramfort, Gaël Varoquaux, Elodie Cauvet, Christophe Pallier, et al.. Learning to rank from medical imaging data. MLMI 2012 - 3rd International Workshop on Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, INRIA, Oct 2012, Nice, France. ⟨hal-00717990v1⟩

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