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Damage and fracture evolution in brittle materials by shape optimization methods

Abstract : This paper is devoted to a numerical implementation of the Francfort-Marigo model of damage evolution in brittle materials. This quasi-static model is based, at each time step, on the minimization of a total energy which is the sum of an elastic energy and a Griffith-type dissipated energy. Such a minimization is carried over all geometric mixtures of the two, healthy and damaged, elastic phases, respecting an irreversibility constraint. Numerically, we consider a situation where two well-separated phases coexist, and model their interface by a level set function that is transported according to the shape derivative of the minimized total energy. In the context of interface variations (Hadamard method) and using a steepest descent algorithm, we compute local minimizers of this quasi-static damage model. Initially, the damaged zone is nucleated by using the so-called topological derivative. We show that, when the damaged phase is very weak, our numerical method is able to predict crack propagation , including kinking and branching. Several numerical examples in 2d and 3d are discussed.
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Grégoire Allaire, François Jouve, Nicolas van Goethem. Damage and fracture evolution in brittle materials by shape optimization methods. Journal of Computational Physics, Elsevier, 2011, 230 (12), pp.5010--5044. ⟨hal-00784048⟩

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