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Two models of interfering predators in impulsive biological control

Sapna Nundloll 1 Ludovic Mailleret 1, 2 Frédéric Grognard 1
1 COMORE - Modeling and control of renewable resources
LOV - Laboratoire d'océanographie de Villefranche, CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée
Abstract : In this paper, we study the effects of Beddington-DeAngelis interference and squabbling, respectively, on the minimal rate of predator release required to drive a pest population to zero. A two-dimensional system of coupled ordinary differential equations is considered, augmented by an impulsive component depicting the periodic release of predators into the system. This periodic release takes place independently of the detection of the pests in the field. We establish the existence of a pest-free solution driven by the periodic releases, and express the global stability conditions for this solution in terms of the minimal predator rate required to bring an outbreak of pests to nil. In particular, we show that with the interference effects, the minimal rate will only guarantee eradication if the releases are carried out frequently enough. When Beddington-DeAngelis behaviour is considered, an additional constraint for the existence itself of a successful release rate is that the pest growth rate should be less than the predation pressure, the latter explicitly formulated in terms of the predation function and the interference parameters.
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Sapna Nundloll, Ludovic Mailleret, Frédéric Grognard. Two models of interfering predators in impulsive biological control. Journal of Biological Dynamics, Taylor & Francis Open, 2010, 4 (1), pp.102-114. ⟨10.1080/17513750902968779⟩. ⟨hal-00847301⟩

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