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Ongoing and prolonged response in adult low-grade gliomas treated with radiotherapy.

Abstract : The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of first-line radiotherapy on low-grade gliomas (LGGs) growth kinetics. The mean tumor diameter (MTD) of 39 LGGs was retrospectively measured on serial magnetic resonance images before (n = 16) and after radiotherapy onset (n = 39). After radiotherapy, a decrease of the MTD was observed in 37 patients. Median duration of the MTD decrease was 1.9 years (range 0-8.1 years). According to RANO criteria, the rates of partial and minor responses were 15 and 28 % at the first evaluation after radiotherapy and 36 and 34 % at the time of maximal MTD decrease. The presence of a 1p19q codeletion and the absence of p53 expression were associated with longer durations of MTD decrease (5.3 vs 1 years, p = 0.02 and 2.4 vs 1.8 years, p = 0.05, respectively) while no association was observed between IDH1-R132H expression and duration of MTD decrease. In most patients, MTD decrease after radiotherapy occurred in two phases: an initial phase of rapid MTD decrease followed by a second phase of slower MTD decrease. Patients with a high rate of MTD decrease during the initial phase (>7 mm/year) had both a shorter duration of response (1.9 vs 5.3 years, p = 0.003) and a shorter overall survival (5.5 vs 11.6 years, p = 0.0004). LGGs commonly display a prolonged and ongoing volume decrease after radiotherapy. However, patients who respond rapidly should be carefully monitored because they are at a higher risk of rapid progression.
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Contributor : Benjamin Ribba Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 29, 2013 - 4:51:15 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 24, 2022 - 3:04:06 PM

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F. Ducray, G. Kaloshi, C. Houillier, A. Idbaih, Benjamin Ribba, et al.. Ongoing and prolonged response in adult low-grade gliomas treated with radiotherapy.. Journal of Neuro-Oncology, 2013, 115 (2), pp.261-5. ⟨10.1007/s11060-013-1224-1⟩. ⟨hal-00878201⟩



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