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Bifurcations in Boolean Networks

Abstract : This paper characterizes the attractor structure of synchronous and asynchronous Boolean networks induced by bi-threshold functions. Bi-threshold functions are generalizations of standard threshold functions and have separate threshold values for the transitions $0 \rightarrow $1 (up-threshold) and $1 \rightarrow 0$ (down-threshold). We show that synchronous bi-threshold systems may, just like standard threshold systems, only have fixed points and 2-cycles as attractors. Asynchronous bi-threshold systems (fixed permutation update sequence), on the other hand, undergo a bifurcation. When the difference $\Delta$ of the down- and up-threshold is less than 2 they only have fixed points as limit sets. However, for $\Delta \geq 2$ they may have long periodic orbits. The limiting case of $\Delta = 2$ is identified using a potential function argument. Finally, we present a series of results on the dynamics of bi-threshold systems for families of graphs.
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Chris J. Kuhlman, Henning S. Mortveit, David Murrugarra, Anil V. S. Kumar. Bifurcations in Boolean Networks. 17th International Workshop on Celular Automata and Discrete Complex Systems, 2011, Santiago, Chile. pp.29-46, ⟨10.46298/dmtcs.2975⟩. ⟨hal-01196142⟩



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