Dimensionality Reduction on Maximum Entropy Models on Spiking Networks

Abstract : Maximum entropy models (MEM) have been widely used in the last 10 years for modelling, explaining and predicting the statistics of networks of spiking neurons. However, as the network size increases, the number of model parameters increases rapidily, hindering its interpretation and fast computation. However, these parameters are not necessarily independent from each other; when some of them are related by hidden dependencies, their number can be reduced, allowing to map the MEM into a lower dimensional space. Here, we present a novel framework for MEM dimensionality reduction that uses the geometrical properties of MEM to find the subset of dimensions that best captures the network high-order statistics, without fitting the model to data. This allows us define a parameter somehow representing the degree of compressibility of the code. The method was tested on synthetic data where the underlying statistics is known and on retinal ganglion cells (RGC) data recorded using multi-electrode arrays (MEA) under different stimuli. We found that MEM dimensionality reduction depends on the interdependences between the network activity, the density of the raster and the number of observed events. For RGC data we found that the activity is highly interdependent, with a dimensionality reduction of almost 50%, compared to a random raster, showing that the network activity is highly compressible, possibly due to the network redundancies. This dimensionality reduction depends on the stimuli statistics, supporting the idea that sensory networks adapts to stimuli statistics, modifying the level of redundancy, i.e. the coding strategy.
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Contributeur : Bruno Cessac <>
Soumis le : lundi 27 novembre 2017 - 10:51:08
Dernière modification le : mardi 17 avril 2018 - 09:04:19


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  • HAL Id : hal-01649063, version 1


Rubén Herzog, Maria-Jose Escobar, Adrian Palacios, Bruno Cessac. Dimensionality Reduction on Maximum Entropy Models on Spiking Networks. 2017. 〈hal-01649063〉



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