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For everything: Tim Berners-Lee, winner of the 2016 Turing award for having invented… the Web

Fabien Gandon 1, 2
2 WIMMICS - Web-Instrumented Man-Machine Interactions, Communities and Semantics
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , Laboratoire I3S - SPARKS - Scalable and Pervasive softwARe and Knowledge Systems
Abstract : What could be a common point among getting information about a concert, transferring money from one’s bank account, publishing a genomics database, communicating with one’s children on the other side of the planet, and accessing information about one’s car ? The fact that they can all be done through the Web. It is indeed difficult to think of a human activity that hasn’t been impacted by the Web, and as I write this article in April 2017, the current estimate is that the Web has more than 3 billion direct users throughout the world. In the same month, the British computer scientist Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee was awarded the 2016 Turing prize for having invented the World Wide Web, the first Web browser, and the protocols and algorithms that enabled the passage to the scale of the Web. Sir Tim, as he is called, is a professor at MIT and at Oxford University. This prize is just the latest of a long list of distinctions that he has received. But the Turing prize is considered the Nobel prize of computer science, and this award has been widely expected for his invention of the Web, an invention which has transformed our society since its creation in 1989. This is thus a good occasion to revisit, in this article, the history of his invention, and at the same time try to highlight many of the influences and currents that interacted to bring it about. This will also be an occasion, for us, to deconstruct certain notions and to reintegrate others, in an effort to tie together the numerous influences that weaved the web.
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Fabien Gandon. For everything: Tim Berners-Lee, winner of the 2016 Turing award for having invented… the Web. 1024 : Bulletin de la Société Informatique de France, Société Informatique de France, 2017, pp.21. ⟨hal-01843967v2⟩



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