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Variational Bayesian Inference for Audio-Visual Tracking of Multiple Speakers

Yutong Ban 1 Xavier Alameda-Pineda 1, 2 Laurent Girin 3, 1 Radu Horaud 1, 2
1 PERCEPTION - Interpretation and Modelling of Images and Videos
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Grenoble INP - Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology
Abstract : In this paper we address the problem of tracking multiple speakers via the fusion of visual and auditory information. We propose to exploit the complementary nature and roles of these two modalities in order to accurately estimate smooth trajectories of the tracked persons, to deal with the partial or total absence of one of the modalities over short periods of time, and to estimate the acoustic status - either speaking or silent - of each tracked person over time. We propose to cast the problem at hand into a generative audio-visual fusion (or association) model formulated as a latent-variable temporal graphical model. This may well be viewed as the problem of maximizing the posterior joint distribution of a set of continuous and discrete latent variables given the past and current observations, which is intractable. We propose a variational inference model which amounts to approximate the joint distribution with a factorized distribution. The solution takes the form of a closed-form expectation maximization procedure. We describe in detail the inference algorithm, we evaluate its performance and we compare it with several baseline methods. These experiments show that the proposed audio-visual tracker performs well in informal meetings involving a time-varying number of people.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 4, 2019 - 1:37:00 PM
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Yutong Ban, Xavier Alameda-Pineda, Laurent Girin, Radu Horaud. Variational Bayesian Inference for Audio-Visual Tracking of Multiple Speakers. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2021, 43 (5), pp.1761-1776. ⟨10.1109/TPAMI.2019.2953020⟩. ⟨hal-01950866v2⟩



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