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Numerical modeling of hydraulic control, solitary waves and primary instabilities in the Strait of Gibraltar

Margaux Hilt 1, * Laurent Roblou 1 Cyril Nguyen 1 Patrick Marchesiello 2 Florian Lemarié 3 Swen Jullien 4 Franck Dumas 5 Laurent Debreu 3 Xavier Capet 6 Lucie Bordois 5 Rachid Benshila 2 Francis Auclair 1 
* Corresponding author
3 AIRSEA - Mathematics and computing applied to oceanic and atmospheric flows
Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes, LJK - Laboratoire Jean Kuntzmann, Grenoble INP - Institut polytechnique de Grenoble - Grenoble Institute of Technology
6 PROTEO - Processus et interactions de fine échelle océanique
LOCEAN - Laboratoire d'Océanographie et du Climat : Expérimentations et Approches Numériques
Abstract : A two-dimensional, vertical section of the Strait of Gibraltar is simulated numerically with the nonhydrostatic / non-Boussinesq three-dimensional CROCO model to investigate details of small-scale dynamics. The proposed configuration is simple, computationally efficient and incorporates the configuration of sills characteristic of this region. Despite the shortcomings of a 2D representation, this configuration provides a realistic depiction of small-scale mechanisms in the strait during a typical tidal cycle: internal solitary waves generation and propagation, occurrence of hydraulic controls and hydraulic jumps at the sills and appearance of active turbulent patches. In particular, the well-known eastward propagation of large amplitude internal waves is assessed using the Korteweg de Vries (KdV) propagation model for solitary waves. As a step towards establishing a realistic Large Eddy Simulation (LES), the sensitivity of the configuration to various choices is investigated, e.g., resolution, amplitude of tidal forcing or numerical schemes. In such conditions, our analyses indicate that the representation of the small-scale dynamics of the Strait of Gibraltar can be much improved by increasing the resolution and relaxing the hydrostatic assumption. Further studies are necessary to grasp the mechanisms of mixing and/or stirring induced by this fine scale processes.
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Margaux Hilt, Laurent Roblou, Cyril Nguyen, Patrick Marchesiello, Florian Lemarié, et al.. Numerical modeling of hydraulic control, solitary waves and primary instabilities in the Strait of Gibraltar. Ocean Modelling, Elsevier, 2020, 155, pp.101642. ⟨10.1016/j.ocemod.2020.101642⟩. ⟨hal-02418114⟩

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