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Data-driven simulation for augmented surgery

Abstract : To build an augmented view of an organ during surgery, it is essential to have a biomechanical model with appropriate material parameters and boundary conditions , able to match patient specific properties. Adaptation to the patient's anatomy is obtained by exploiting the image-rich context specific to our application domain. While information about the organ shape, for instance, can be obtained preoper-atively, other patient-specific parameters can only be determined intraoperatively. To this end, we are developing data-driven simulations, which exploit information extracted from a stream of medical images. Such simulations need to run in real-time. To this end we have developed dedicated numerical methods, which allow for real-time computation of finite element simulations. The general principle consists in combining finite element approaches with Bayesian methods or deep learning techniques, that allow to keep control over the underlying computational model while allowing for inputs from the real world. Based on a priori knowledge of the mechanical behavior of the considered organ, we select a constitutive law to model its deformations. The predictive power of such constitutive law highly depends on the knowledge of the material parameters and A. Mendizabal
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 9, 2020 - 11:22:51 AM
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Andrea Mendizabal, Eleonora Tagliabue, Tristan Hoellinger, Jean-Nicolas Brunet, Sergei Nikolaev, et al.. Data-driven simulation for augmented surgery. Bilen Emek Abali; Ivan Giorgio. Developments and Novel Approaches in Biomechanics and Metamaterials, 132, pp.71-96, 2020, 978-3-030-50464-9. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-50464-9⟩. ⟨hal-02538101⟩



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