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Grand Armorial des Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cité Sainte (du XVIIIe siècle au Premier Empire)

Abstract : During the third quarter of the 18th century, several French freemasons took a close interest in the "Strict Observance", a Masonic-Cheresian Order of German origin, renowned for its beautiful order and the seriousness of its knowledge. Several brothers from Strasbourg were received there, followed by brothers from Lyon and Montpellier. But the French knights quickly sought a certain autonomy and adapted the practices of the German Order. After only a few years of membership, they decided in 1778, during the National Convent of Lyon, to take a large autonomy from the Strict Observance. In particular, they created the "Order of the Benevolent Knights of the Holy City" and decided to perpetuate most of the customs of the German system, such as giving its Knights names, coats of arms and mottos of the Order. The present Armorial is the result of a meticulous study of the history of French Freemasons who belonged to one or the other of these two Orders, from the 18th century to the First Empire. On the basis of numerous and varied sources (more than 500 manuscripts, books and printed matter), the work finally gathers, for the three French Provinces (Auvergne, Occitania, Burgundy), in addition to the civil and state of Order records, the biographical notes of more than 120 knights, brothers and servants of these two Orders. If the history of some of these members is well known to the Freemasons practicing the Rectified Scottish Rite today, it turns out that the history of the majority of the first Benevolent Knights is completely unknown to them. Thus, this Armorial will provide them with a new reading, original and well-documented, of the history of the Lodges reunited and rectified, by the history of all its members. The Abridged Essay, which appears in the second part of the book, aims to make them know the heraldic uses, now forgotten, of the Knights of these orders. For, it must be noted that the practices of today differ greatly from those of the origins... and that they would perhaps deserve to be found again....
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-02926903
Contributor : Thomas Fressin <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 1, 2020 - 11:01:33 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 4:54:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02926903, version 1

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Thomas Fressin. Grand Armorial des Chevaliers Bienfaisants de la Cité Sainte (du XVIIIe siècle au Premier Empire). pp.328, 2017, 978-2-7466-9758-4. ⟨hal-02926903⟩

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