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Kernel-phase detection limits

Abstract : The James Webb Space Telescope will offer high-angular resolution observing capability in the near-infrared with masking interferometry on NIRISS, and coronagraphic imaging on NIRCam & MIRI. Full aperture kernel-phase based interferometry complements these observing modes, probing for companions at small separations while preserving the telescope throughput. Our goal is to derive both theoretical and operational contrast detection limits for the kernel-phase analysis of JWST NIRISS full-pupil observations by using tools from hypothesis testing theory, applied to observations of faint brown dwarfs with this instrument, but the tools and methods introduced here are applicable in a wide variety of contexts. We construct a statistically independent set of observables from aberration-robust kernel phases. Three detection tests based on these observable quantities are designed and analysed, all guaranteeing a constant false alarm rate for small phase aberrations. One of these tests, the Likelihood Ratio or Neyman-Pearson test, provides a theoretical performance bound for any detection test. The operational detection method considered here is shown to exhibit only marginal power loss with respect to the theoretical bound. In principle, for the test set to a false alarm probability of 1%, companion at contrasts reaching 10^3 at separations of 200 mas around objects of magnitude 14.1 are detectable. With JWST NIRISS, contrasts of up to 10^4 at separations of 200 mas could be ultimately achieved, barring significant wavefront drift. The proposed detection method is close to the ultimate bound and offers guarantees over the probability of making a false detection for binaries, as well as over the error bars for the estimated parameters of the binaries detectable by JWST NIRISS. This method is not only applicable to JWST NIRISS but to any imaging system with adequate sampling.
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Contributor : Mamadou N'Diaye Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 12:56:13 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 4:55:41 PM


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Alban Ceau, David Mary, Alexandra Greenbaum, Frantz Martinache, Anand Sivaramakrishnan, et al.. Kernel-phase detection limits. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2019, 630, pp.A120. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201935247⟩. ⟨hal-03033689⟩



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