Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
New interface
Conference papers

Cytoarchitecture Measurements in Brain Gray Matter using Likelihood-Free Inference

Abstract : Effective characterisation of the brain grey matter cytoarchitecture with quantitative sensitivity to soma density and volume remains an unsolved challenge in diffusion MRI (dMRI). Solving the problem of relating the dMRI signal with cytoarchitectural characteristics calls for the definition of a mathematical model that describes brain tissue via a handful of physiologically-relevant parameters and an algorithm for inverting the model. To address this issue, we propose a new forward model, specifically a new system of equations, requiring six relatively sparse b-shells. These requirements are a drastic reduction of those used in current proposals to estimate grey matter cytoarchitecture. We then apply current tools from Bayesian analysis known as likelihood-free inference (LFI) to invert our proposed model. As opposed to other approaches from the literature, our LFI-based algorithm yields not only an estimation of the parameter vector that best describes a given observed data point, but also a full posterior distribution over the parameter space. This enables a richer description of the model inversion results providing indicators such as confidence intervals for the estimations, and better understanding of the parameter regions where the model may present indeterminacies. We approximate the posterior distribution using deep neural density estimators, known as normalizing flows, and fit them using a set of repeated simulations from the forward model. We validate our approach on simulations using dmipy and then apply the whole pipeline to the HCP MGH dataset.
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inria.fr/hal-03090959
Contributor : Maëliss Jallais Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, November 12, 2021 - 6:37:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 13, 2022 - 8:44:10 AM

File

SBI_dMRI(8).pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Citation

Maëliss Jallais, Pedro Luiz Coelho Rodrigues, Alexandre Gramfort, Demian Wassermann. Cytoarchitecture Measurements in Brain Gray Matter using Likelihood-Free Inference. IPMI 2021 - 27th international conference on Information Processing in Medical Imaging, Jun 2021, Rønne, Denmark. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-78191-0_15⟩. ⟨hal-03090959v3⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

635

Files downloads

697