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Switching from a mechanistic model to a continuous model to study at different scales the effect of vine growth on the dynamic of a powdery mildew epidemic

Jean Baptiste Burie 1, 2 Michel Langlais 1 Agnès Calonnec 3
1 ANUBIS - Tools of automatic control for scientific computing, Models and Methods in Biomathematics
Université Bordeaux Segalen - Bordeaux 2, Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1, Inria Bordeaux - Sud-Ouest, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR
Abstract : *Background and Aims : Epidemiological simulation models coupling plant growth with the dispersal and disease dynamics of an airborne plant pathogen were devised for a better understanding of host–pathogen dynamic interactions and of the capacity of grapevine development to modify the progress of powdery mildew epidemics. *Methods : The first model is a complex discrete mechanistic model (M-model) that explicitly incorporates the dynamics of host growth and the development and dispersion of the pathogen at the vine stock scale. The second model is a simpler ordinary differential equations (ODEs) compartmental SEIRT model (C-model) handling host growth (foliar surface) and the ontogenic resistance of the leaves. With the M-model various levels of vine development are simulated under three contrasting climatic scenarios and the relationship between host and disease variables are examined at key periods in the epidemic process. The ability of the C-model to retrieve the main dynamics of the disease for a range of vine growth given by the M-model is investigated. *Key Results : The M-model strengthens experimental results observed regarding the effect of the rate of leaf emergence and of the number of leaves at flowering on the severity of the disease. However, it also underlines strong variations of the dynamics of disease depending on the vigour and indirectly on the climatic scenarios. The C-model could be calibrated by using the M-model provided that different parameters before and after shoot topping and for various vigour levels and inoculation time are used. Biologically relevant estimations of the parameters that could be used for its extension to the vineyard scale are obtained. *Conclusions : The M-model is able to generate a wide range of growth scenarios with a strong impact on disease evolution. The C-model is a promising tool to be used at a larger scale.
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 9, 2010 - 5:25:55 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 21, 2021 - 5:48:04 PM

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Jean Baptiste Burie, Michel Langlais, Agnès Calonnec. Switching from a mechanistic model to a continuous model to study at different scales the effect of vine growth on the dynamic of a powdery mildew epidemic. Annals of Botany, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2010, 107 (5), pp.885-895. ⟨10.1093/aob/mcq233⟩. ⟨inria-00545187⟩

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