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Traitement d'images scanographiques appliqué à l'étude tridimensionnelle de l'évolution de la forme du crâne humain

Abstract : We present an automatic method that allows one to visualize and analyze, in three dimensions, the evolution of the shape of the human skull from CT-Scan images. A first algorithm automatically extracts the crest lines from CT-Scan images of the skull of a modern Man and of a cast of a skull of a prehistoric Man. Those lines correspond to the salient lines of the skull surface. They will be used as landmarks to automatically find the homology points between the two skulls. Based on these couples of matched points, we compute a volumetric transformation that superposes the two skulls. This transformation can be interpolated to obtain intermediary transformations. We extract then a surface model of the skull of the modern Man and we apply successively the intermediary transformations to visualize the evolution of the sull between the prehistoric and the modern Man. We have applied this method to the skull of the Man of Tautavel, dated of about 450 000 years, and we present future applications in facial reconstruction and tridimensional morphometry.
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Gérard Subsol, Bertrand Mafart, Denis Méline, Alain Silvestre, M.A. de Lumley. Traitement d'images scanographiques appliqué à l'étude tridimensionnelle de l'évolution de la forme du crâne humain. Philippe Andrieux; Djillali Hadjouis; Anne Dambricourt-Malassé. L'identité humaine en question : Nouvelles problématiques et nouvelles technologies en paléontologie humaine et en paléoanthropologie biologique, Artcom, pp.92-101, 2000, Collection paléoanthropologie et paléopathologie osseuse, 978-2912741295. ⟨inria-00615850⟩

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