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Evidence for local particle acceleration in the first recurrent galactic cosmic ray depression observed by Solar Orbiter. The ion event on 19 June 2020

Abstract : Context. In mid-June 2020, the Solar Orbiter (SolO) mission reached its first perihelion at 0.51 au and started its cruise phase, with most of the in situ instruments operating continuously.
Aims: We present the in situ particle measurements of the first proton event observed after the first perihelion obtained by the Energetic Particle Detector (EPD) suite on board SolO. The potential solar and interplanetary (IP) sources of these particles are investigated.
Methods: Ion observations from ∼20 keV to ∼1 MeV are combined with available solar wind data from the Radio and Plasma Waves (RPW) instrument and magnetic field data from the magnetometer on board SolO to evaluate the energetic particle transport conditions and infer the possible acceleration mechanisms through which particles gain energy. We compare > 17-20 MeV ion count rate measurements for two solar rotations, along with the solar wind plasma data available from the Solar Wind Analyser (SWA) and RPW instruments, in order to infer the origin of the observed galactic cosmic ray (GCR) depressions.
Results: The lack of an observed electron event and of velocity dispersion at various low-energy ion channels and the observed IP structure indicate a local IP source for the low-energy particles. From the analysis of the anisotropy of particle intensities, we conclude that the low-energy ions were most likely accelerated via a local second-order Fermi process. The observed GCR decrease on 19 June, together with the 51.8-1034.0 keV nuc−1 ion enhancement, was due to a solar wind stream interaction region (SIR). The observation of a similar GCR decrease in the next solar rotation favours this interpretation and constitutes the first observation of a recurrent GCR decrease by SolO. The analysis of the recurrence times of this SIR suggests that it is the same SIR responsible for the 4He events previously measured in April and May. Finally, we point out that an IP structure more complex than a common SIR cannot be discarded, mainly due to the lack of solar wind temperature measurements and the lack of a higher cadence of solar wind velocity observations.

Movies associated to Figs. B.1 and B.2 are available at https://www.aanda.org

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Submitted on : Thursday, May 19, 2022 - 5:13:06 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, June 25, 2022 - 3:34:06 AM

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A. Aran, D. Pacheco, M. Laurenza, N. Wijsen, D. Lario, et al.. Evidence for local particle acceleration in the first recurrent galactic cosmic ray depression observed by Solar Orbiter. The ion event on 19 June 2020. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 2021, 656, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202140966⟩. ⟨insu-03672341⟩

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