La dimension identitaire des pratiques, des habitudes et des symboliques alimentaires de l'Irlande contemporaine

Abstract : Affected by globalisation, secularism and multiculturalism, Irish society has undergone many radical changes since the turn of the 21st century, food consumption being one of the most striking. This PhD thesis examines and analyses past and contemporary eating and cooking practices from a sociological and historical perspective. Taking into account the dramatic effects engendered by the English colonisation (acculturation, extensive exploitation of resources, contempt vis-à-vis indigenous customs…), the aim of this research is to stress the importance that religious principles had in shaping the dietary practices until the 1960s and to analyse the consequences on contemporary eating behaviours. Particular emphasis is given to the essential role played by Bord Fáilte and Fáilte Ireland in developing a national cuisine and promoting Ireland’s food culture. The late development of a gastronomy for all (not just for the Protestant elites), is explained by the importance for centuries of the spiritual act of “non-ingestion” over the bodily act of ingestion. Fasting was for so long engrained into everyday life that rejoicing in food consumption was not acceptable until the reforms of penitential laws brought by the Second Council of Vatican in the late 1960s. Contemporary excessive food consumption and growing interest in all things food is also analysed through the concepts of hedonism, hypermodernity and gastro-anomy, aftermath of the collapse of the traditional authoritative institutions.
Keywords : Society Food Ireland
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Marjorie Deleuze. La dimension identitaire des pratiques, des habitudes et des symboliques alimentaires de l'Irlande contemporaine. Littératures. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIL30016⟩. ⟨tel-02100490⟩

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