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En miroir du pouvoir Les Phounoy du Nord Laos : ethnogenèse et dynamiques d'intégration

Résumé : Integration of « ethnic minorities » living in the mountainous fringe of the country is a priority of the Lao Popular Democratic Republic’s government. Usually occidentals perceve governmental actions as changing and denaturating societies. This thesis is about one of these societies which suffered new regime implementation full-force, and which, therefore, would be now described as “laocized”. Seeking roots and trying to discover mechanisms being at work in the process of social changes among Phounoy lead us to a synchronic and diachronic approach, done through three topics: socio-political organization, religious structures and relation to the territory. The study shows that, beyond different changes affecting Phounoy society, this society is driven by a constant: it perpetuates itself in its relation to dominant powers. Also we show how a society can perpetuate itself in “inconstancy”. Phounoy adoption of norms and values of Lü, then of Lao people in a second time is the condition of a continuous ethnogenesis. Phounoy were and still are a society of change that has to be approached differently than the ways South-East Asian mountaineers are usually perceived; meaning not as prisoners of an atemporal tradition. Finally, the aim of this study is to take a fresh look at the mountainous minorities of South-East Asia, by taking into account the historical and socio-political context of these populations.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02479178, version 1

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Vanina Bouté. En miroir du pouvoir Les Phounoy du Nord Laos : ethnogenèse et dynamiques d'intégration. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes de Paris, 2005. Français. ⟨tel-02479178⟩

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