Contributions of Psychology to the Design of Diagnostic Decision Support Systems

Abstract : This paper describes how psychological research can contribute to the requirements engineering, the design and usefulness of a Diagnostic Decision Support System (DDSS) intended to support pediatric residents' diagnostic decisions. Research on cognitive biases in Bayesian decision tasks is discussed. The design of the DDSS is briefly outlined, and a formative usefulness test is reported. Under the assumption that a particular cognitive bias could be overcome by showing it to participants, pediatric residents were given a set of Bayesian decision tasks. One half was given an opportunity to interact with NeoPeDDS and the other half was not. Results showed that NeoPedDDS usage improved the accuracy of the diagnostic decisions, but that formal training in Bayesian statistics appears to be necessary for residents to evaluate ambiguous information in a normatively correct manner.
Document type :
Conference papers
Liste complète des métadonnées

Cited literature [27 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01055464
Contributor : Hal Ifip <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 13, 2014 - 9:27:17 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 19, 2019 - 5:14:02 PM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Wednesday, November 26, 2014 - 11:30:55 PM

File

2_2_GitteBayes_WCC2010_LNCS.pd...
Files produced by the author(s)

Licence


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License

Identifiers

Citation

Gitte Lindgaard, Janette Folkens, Catherine Pyper, Monique Frize, Robin Walker. Contributions of Psychology to the Design of Diagnostic Decision Support Systems. Second IFIP TC 13 Symposium on Human-Computer Interaction (HCIS)/ Held as Part of World Computer Congress (WCC), Sep 2010, Brisbane, Australia. pp.15-25, ⟨10.1007/978-3-642-15231-3_3⟩. ⟨hal-01055464⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

124

Files downloads

110