Modeling the Impact of Heterogeneous Spatial Distribution of Soil Microbes on Pesticide Biodegradation at the Centimeter Scale

Abstract : Micro-organisms and substrates may be heterogeneously distributed in soils. This repartition as well as transport mechanisms bringing them into contact are expected to impact the biodegradation rates. Pinheiro et al [2015] have measured in cm-large reconstructed soil cores the fate of an injection of 2,4-D pesticide for different injection conditions and initial distributions of soil pesticide degraders. Through the calibration of a reactive transport model of these experiments, we show that: i) biodegradation of diffusion-controlled pesticide fluxes is favored by a high Damköhler number (high reaction rate compared to flux rate); ii) abiotic sorption processes are negligible and do not interact strongly with biodegradation; iii) biodegradation is primarily governed by the initial repartition of pesticide and degraders for diffusion-controlled transport, as diffusion greatly limits the flux of pesticide reaching the microbial hotspot due to dilution. These results suggest that for biodegradation to be substantial, a spatial heterogeneity in the repartition of microbes and substrate has to be associated with intermittent and fast transport processes to mix them.
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01246659
Contributeur : Alain Rapaport <>
Soumis le : vendredi 18 décembre 2015 - 21:24:33
Dernière modification le : mardi 29 mai 2018 - 12:50:55

Identifiants

  • HAL Id : hal-01246659, version 1

Citation

Tristan Babey, Jean-Raynald De Dreuzy, Marc Pinhiero, Patricia Garnier, Laure Vieublé, et al.. Modeling the Impact of Heterogeneous Spatial Distribution of Soil Microbes on Pesticide Biodegradation at the Centimeter Scale . American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting (AGU 2015), Dec 2015, San Fransisco, United States. 〈https://agu.confex.com/agu/fm15/meetingapp.cgi/Paper/69207〉. 〈hal-01246659〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

722