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Stochastic modeling of chemical-mechanical coupling in striated muscles

Abstract : We propose a chemical-mechanical model of myosin heads in sarcomeres, within the classical description of rigid sliding filaments. In our case, myosin heads have two mechanical degrees-of-freedom (dofs) - one of which associated with the so-called power stroke - and two possible chemical states, i.e. bound to an actin site or not. Our major motivations are twofold: (1) to derive a multiscale coupled chemical-mechanical model, and (2) to thus account - at the macroscopic scale - for mechanical phenomena that are out of reach for classical muscle models. This model is first written in the form of Langevin stochastic equations, and we are then able to obtain the corresponding Fokker-Planck partial differential equations governing the probability density functions associated with the mechanical dofs and chemical states. This second form is important, as it allows to monitor muscle energetics, and also to compare our model with classical ones, such as the Huxley'57 model to which our equations are shown to reduce under two different types of simplifying assumptions. This provides insight, and gives a Langevin form for Huxley'57. We then show how we can calibrate our model based on experimental data - taken here for skeletal muscles - and numerical simulations demonstrate the adequacy of the model to represent complex physiological phenomena, in particular the fast isometric transients in which the power stroke is known to have a crucial role, thus circumventing a limitation of many classical models.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-01928279
Contributor : Dominique Chapelle <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 21, 2018 - 4:49:28 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:12:30 AM

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Matthieu Caruel, Philippe Moireau, Dominique Chapelle. Stochastic modeling of chemical-mechanical coupling in striated muscles. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, Springer Verlag, 2019, ⟨10.1007/s10237-018-1102-z⟩. ⟨hal-01928279v2⟩

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